Combining to form the second largest country on earth, the 10 provinces and 3 territories of Canada can be divided up according to the geography of the region. To the north of the 60th parallel, the three federally controlled territories of Yukon, Nuvanut and the Northwest Territories sit towards the west of Hudson Bay, enjoying some of the harshest weather conditions known to man.
The various provinces are spread across three regions - West Canada consists of British Columbia and the three prairie provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, whereas Central Canada is made up of the two most densely populated provinces – Ontario and Quebec. Finally, Newfoundland, Labrador and the coastal provinces of New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia make up the Atlantic Provinces.
With over 34 million inhabitants spread out across its vast surface area, Canada is one of the most prosperous places on Earth, enjoying both an excellent quality of life and an abundance of valuable raw materials.
Approximately 80% of these natural resources are exported across the world.
A few words about Nova Scotia
The Canadian Atlantic Province of Nova Scotia is approx. 56,000 square kilometers, a little smaller than Bavaria; however it has a population of only 922,000. The peninsula of Nova Scotia is situated northeast of the US state of New England and is only connected to the Canadian mainland via a narrow land strip. The province is almost completely surrounded by water. No place is further than 56 km from the sea and the coastline is about 7,500 km. The ocean is ever-present and above all, it is the coastal landscapes, which gives Nova Scotia its charm.
On the line of latitude with Genoa
When one speaks of Canada, one imagines freezing winters and cool summers. That is certainly the case in the central provinces of Canada but not in Nova Scotia. Halifax, the capital of the province, lies on the same line of latitude with Genoa, Italy. The Gulf Stream follows the southerly line of latitude, primarily causing the weather in winter to be relatively mild and in summer very consistently warm. A warmer and more beautiful autumn with its fantastic foliage coloring (“Indian Summer”) is a particular attraction of this season. The water temperatures, in the Atlantic up to 19°C and in the lakes up to 25°C, invite bathing in the summer. » Climate
Breath-taking Nature and Landscapes
The 7,600 km long coast consists of sprawling, sandy beaches, ancient forests and unusual rock formations, affording the region a distinctly ethereal feel. Snaking through these various landscapes, the 300 km Cabot Trail is without a doubt one of the most beautiful coastal stretches the world has ever seen. Another popular route is the so-called Lighthouse Trail – ideal for active visitors, this route takes in picturesque fishing villages and an incredible array of lighthouses, creating vistas that appear to have been lifted straight from a postcard.
Nova Scotia’s two National Parks also offer plenty to see and do, with opportunities to get wet and wild with some extreme water sports or to experience the great outdoors by hiking or camping. To the south, guests will find the much-loved Kejimkujik National Park. Comprising of 400 km ² of dense forest and amazing lakes, this enchanting park is a favourite amongst tourists and natives alike. To the north of the province is the Cape Breton National Park. Forming a contrast to the dense forest of Kejimkujik, the vast moors, tundra and wild coastline of Cape Breton forms one of the last, truly unspoiled regions of the Canadian wilderness.
Nova Scotia is by far and away one of the most popular tourist destinations in Canada, with many guests arriving during the summer or between the months of September and October with the arrival of the Indian Summer. As autumn descends, the many forests of the province are bathed in a wonderful palette of golden hues, with magical oranges, browns and deep reds – an explosion of colours like nothing before.